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dc.contributor.authorRyan, Gladys*
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-12T11:29:47Zen
dc.date.available2015-03-12T11:29:47Zen
dc.date.issued2014-06-01en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10546/346554en
dc.description<p>This case study documents the development of the urban component of Oxfam in South Africa&rsquo;s Disaster Risk Reduction Program for the period 2011 to 2014.</p> <p>Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programmes are designed to proactively reduce risks and hazards before disasters occur. Oxfam worked with three existing partners to understand and then design DRR interventions to mitigate potential risks and hazards stemming from South Africa's existing vulnerabilities of a physical, environmental, personal, historical and political nature. Such an approach means not only that losses experienced in disasters are reduced, but also that quality of life can be improved.</p> <p>The programme that was developed recognised that vulnerability to disasters is created and sustained by poverty and inequality, so it was designed to engage with broad contextual issues and align with existing long-term development programs. Findings include the severe problems experienced by communities in dealing with &ldquo;the authorities&rdquo;; how flooding, fire and unsafe electrical connections are affecting informal, urban settlements; and how women feel particularly vulnerable to poverty, gender inequality, violence and HIV-related disasters. The study recognises the importance of the political perspectives of poverty, and the importance of identifying the political environment within which programmes must operate.</p> <p>The document reflects on the experiences of the partners: Refugee Social Services based in Durban; Project Empower from a peri-urban settlement outside Durban; and Sophakama a community development organisation working in an informal settlement outside Port Elizabeth. They came to the project with very different approaches and programs. Their conclusion: &ldquo;DRR is not a programme but an approach to programming&rdquo;.</p> <p>This document is one of a number of publications highlighting NGO good practice and innovations from partner organisations supported by Oxfam in South Africa.</p>en
dc.format.extent44en
dc.language.isoEnglishen
dc.publisherOxfam Australiaen
dc.relation.urlhttp://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/redeveloping-disaster-risk-reduction-346554en
dc.subjectApproach and methodology
dc.subjectConflict and disasters
dc.titleRedeveloping Disaster Risk Reductionen
dc.typeCase studyen
oxfam.signoff.statusFor public use – can be shared outside Oxfamen
oxfam.subject.countrySouth Africaen
oxfam.subject.keywordCapacity building
oxfam.subject.keywordGender-based violence
oxfam.subject.keywordRefugees and IDPs
oxfam.subject.keywordDisaster risk reduction
oxfam.subject.keywordDRR
oxfam.subject.keywordDevelopment methods
oxfam.subject.keywordDisasters
oxfam.subject.keywordUrban
dc.year.issuedate2014en
dc.year.issuedate2014en
dc.year.issuedate2014en
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-16T15:49:13Z


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